Due to its important geostrategic location in the Mediterranean region, Cyprus has emerged as the epicenter of international and regional air communications. Its geostrategic influence and importance in main communications is boosted by the key ports of Larnaca, Limassol and Famagusta, while the well-organized system of roads and transportation provides effective communication facilities and amenities to travelers. The various towns, beaches and villages are well-connected with an efficient system of taxis, buses and private vehicles, but there is no railway system across the island.
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Cyprus highway sprawls over 10,780 km, of which 5,170 km is paved road, and 5,610 km is gravel made with earth and crushed stone. Cyprus boosts one of the highest car ownership across the world, with a total number of 412,944 registered vehicles.
The key ports of Cyprus include Limassol, Larnaca, Kyrenia, Famagusta and Paphos. The ports of Famagusta and Kyrenia are of little use to Cyprus as they are under Turkish occupation.
Cyprus boosts over 1,299 ships, of which 27 are owned by Cuba, 36 by Russia, 7 by Latvia and 5 by Romania amongst others. These ships include the following:
• 10 Short-sea passenger ships
• 463 cargo ships
• 1 Passenger cargo ship
• 24 roll on-roll off ships
• 70 marine containers
• 77 refrigerated cargo ships
• 70 container ships
• 422 bulk carriers
• 3 vehicle transporters
• 110 oil tankers
• 26 chemical tankers
Cyprus boosts an excellent and reliable network of telecommunications that is constantly growing and undergoing rapid innovations. It boosts a modern and advanced telecommunication system with over 210,000 telephones, open-wire and microwave radio relay system, and broadcast radio stations. The telecommunication system is connected to multiple countries through satellite. The international service is provided with 3 submarine cables, satellite earth channels, tropospheric scatter, and earth stations: 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT, EUTELSAT stations and 1 Indian Ocean INTELSAT.
It provides telex and telegraph facilities to all the countries in the world, along with providing telefax, video-conferencing and audiotex services. 99% of the outgoing telephone traffic is automatically accessed by telecommunications system of Cyprus, while other countries of the world can be accessed via the operator.
The only legal ports for entering and exiting the island of Cyprus include the ports of Limassol, Larnaca, and Paphos, along with the airports, Larnaca International Airport and Paphos International Airport. The key southern ports of Limassol and Larnaca are used for passenger and cargo ships.
The travelers and visitors visiting the Republic of Cyprus can only enter the island through one of the legal ports of entry, which include the ports of Pafos, Limassol, and Larnaca, or the two international airports of Larnaca and Pafos. The ports of Kyrenia, Karavostasi, and Famagusta along with the towns and airports that fall under the authority of the invasive Turkish occupation forces have been declared illegal and forbidden ports of entry and exit by the government of Cyprus. No traveler can use these ports or airports to either enter or exit the Republic of Cyprus.